Under the UK data protection act of 1997 and the privacy act of 1974 in the USA, data about patients is protected by law (Koeller 2002). On the other hand, there is currently no universal standard for indexing and coding clinical information (Schloefell et al. Electronic medical records software simplifies records management, enhances the ability to diagnose problems, assists in preventing treatment errors, and improves operational efficiency. Alternatively, the cost, size and complexity of implementing these systems are prohibitive (Hendy 2005). Electronic Health Records (EHR) or electronic medical records (EMR), as they are called, are of enormous use in the fields of healthcare and medical … 2000). For instance, while e-communication means time-saving, face-to-face communication opportunities are minimized in this case. Data entry lacks validation and prone to errors. Young (2006) argues that this has been a major deterrent to widespread adoption of these systems. Better health careby improving all aspects of patient care, including safety, effectiveness, patient-centeredness, communication, education, timeliness, efficiency, and equity. EHR, or Electronic Health Records, are currently being implemented in many areas of the American healthcare system. The use of this electronic health record is very efficient in reducing the cost of their records through a decreased i their paper work at the same time improving the safety of the patient. Infrastructure in terms of hardware and software, expertise, training and associated costs are high especially when these are scaled to a national level (Cressman et al. physical and described as being material objects with concrete locations, attachments and marking (Bearman 1996). Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. Advantages. Our nursing and healthcare experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have, from simple essay plans, through to full nursing dissertations. In the recent past there has been a significant emphasis for the need to implement Electronic Medical Record systems. Reference this Tags: health and social care. 2001). Technology is also making a simple matter of difficulty. Electronic Medical Records vs. Paper-Based Records This article presents the advantages and disadvantages of electronic health records (i.e., EMR, EHR) and paper-based medical records advantages and disadvantages. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Although Electronic Medical Record (EMR) systems provide various benefits, there are both advantages and disadvantages regarding its cost-effectiveness. This will largely be due to portability of these records across different care functions allowing for access by a variety of clinicians. This essay may contain factual inaccuracies or out of date material. Convenience and Practicality. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! 1997). Submitted by shayan1372 on Fri, 05/04/2018 - 03:49. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher in nursing or healthcare? Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp In the recent past there has been a significant emphasis for the need to implement Electronic Medical Record systems. This however is seen to be inadequate and further investments needs to be done. A paperless office has both advantages and disadvantages, both of which should be considered by an organization considering a transition from conventional record keeping. (Coiera 2003), As the scope is very broad and Electronic Health Records (EHR) has not been well defined (Hayrinen et al. WhatsApp In the recent past there has been a significant emphasis for the need to implement Electronic Medical Record systems. 2000). Advantages, Disadvantages: Electronic Record Systems. When an organization goes paperless, there are huge volumes of … All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Disadvantages of Electronic Resources. Comparison of Electronic and paper records. Future benefits and cost savings were predictive at best and were mostly attached to reduction in risk to patients and the assumed calculation of costs savings associated with this. Reduces paper records filing costs and makes it possible to move documents off-site freeing up valuable floor space; Makes it possible to easily back-up documents in case of disaster (flood, fire, theft, etc…) Saves on wear and tear of paper records; Makes it possible to … Advantages and disadvantages of Electronic Health Records - Fremont, CA - Electronic Health Records (EHR) or electronic medical records (EMR), as they are called, are of enormous use in … Unfortunately, there is a substantial learning curve and clinicians require training to use these systems (Anderson 2007). Published: 2nd May 2017 in 2001). What are the advantages and disadvantages of electronic health records? Nowadays, technology is changing rapidly around the world. 2000). What are the advantages and disadvantages of the electronic health record? In effect, this increases the efficiency of the GP and a study done in the Veterans Association has shown electronic records has allowed patients information to be available 100% of the time as opposed to 60% of the time reducing the amount of sessions required to resolve patient issues (Wilson 2009) this, as well as enhance patient safety through, for instance, reduced prescription errors (Kaushal et al. Reference this Tags: health and social care. https://vittana.org/12-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-electronic-health- Electronic medical records seem to be the current trend in health care, and you’ll find many physicians, allied health professionals, pharmacists and hospitals using some form of electronic recording of patient data. Electronic medical records seem to be the current trend in health care, and you’ll find many physicians, allied health professionals, pharmacists and hospitals using some form of electronic recording of patient data. 1. The information obtained provided a platform for decision making to determine the interventions to be undertaken, where resources should be focused and to whom it should target. Electronic health record (EHR) systems ha ve the potential to transform the health care system from a mostly paper-based industry to one that utilizes clinical and other Keywords: Electronic medical record, in-patient, out-patient, patient care This essay should not be treated as an authoritative source of information when forming medical opinions as information may be inaccurate or out-of-date. Reduces carbon footprint: One of the most powerful benefits of having a paperless environment is that it can help not just the environment but also the operation at the same time. 2008a), the definition used was limited to EHR and allied systems such as Picture Archiving Systems (PACS), Pharmacy Management Systems, Computer Physician Order Entry (CPOE) amongst other systems used day to day in a clinical setting. This required healthcare providers across the United States to modernize internal record systems and create a centralized database, making it easier for doctors, physicians, and nurses to access […] There are several advantages of keeping an electronic diary, including privacy and security issues as well as ease of composition and editing. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Oftentimes, an electronic record-keeping is associated with dehumanizing of patient- and employee-centered activities where technologies are used instead of human actions. There is policy in place that will see all patientsÃ¯¿½ summary records being held nationally and detailed records held locally within the various GP practices (NHS 2008a). 2008). However, with records widely distributed and at times held by third parties adequate legislation needs to be put in place and security measures such as firewalls and audit trails need to be implemented to protect this data. One advantage of using an electronic filing system is speed. Additionally, in emergencies, where GPs may not be readily available, rapid access to the patientÃ¯¿½s medical history can reduce the time taken to provide critical care (Potts et al. An analysis of the literature as represented on table 1 showed good evidence indicating improvement of patient safety and increase in efficiency of clinical staff as a result of implementing EHR. The electronic medical record (EMR) is now nearly ubiquitous in the USA. According to the Donabedian perspective, the inputs required in setting up a working electronic record system are both time and cost intensive (Koeller 2002). 1997). Requests for ancillary care services can be done at a click of a button and results for tests can be accessed immediately they become available. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Furthermore, organizations concerned in medical research benefit immensely when records are electronically stored. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Funds realized as a result of these savings allow for better planning on both macro and micro levels with resources efficiently allocated to interventions that have greater impact on the populace (Jones et al. Furthermore, In the UK, Patients will also be able to view their own summary care records via health space (Greenhalgh et al. *You can also browse our support articles here >. This raises complexities in implementation as well as expands cost (Koeller 2002). Medical professionals use them daily and most would feel lost without it. 2001). Safer storage for your medical records: Paper records are easy to lose, easy to accidentally destroy, and potentially easy to steal if they are left unattended or your physical storage space isn’t secured as effectively as it should be. The analysis covered a 5 year period and was able to establish that in the UK, London had the highest percentage of patients recorded as being smokers at 25% and the lowest in the South East and South West at 20%. 2002). Advantages and Disadvantages of Electronic Filing Systems Advantage: Speed. Looking for a flexible role? A study carried out by Qresearch utilized electronic records extensively with an aim to report on population trends and disease risk factors. Many health providers such as the NHS in the UK meet many of these costs. It provides the opportunity for healthcare organizations to improve quality of care and patient safety. Hayrinen et al. Keeping in line with Pawsons model for context specific evaluation the literature was reviewed by looking at studies done in various sites represented on table 1 and later highlighting advantages and disadvantages to various stakeholders identified. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, EHR’s were created to manage the many aspects of healthcare information. Study for free with our range of university lectures! Digital files require much less physical space than paper files, and are much easier to keep organized. This limits the amount of choices available to patients and adds unnecessary difficulty to health teams when such incidences occur. 1997) making it difficult to bring all the data for analysis. A lot of people will never be interested in trying something out unless they know that they’ll get something out of it. Furthermore, electronic records encourage consistent recording of clinical information and this becomes a key component when aggregating individual records to form datasets. Easy access to patient’s information is one of the advantages and privacy is one of the disadvantages and main concern when using Electronic Medical Record. General practitioners are the initial point of contact between clinicians and patients, they play a pivotal role in ensuring that a patientÃ¯¿½s Electronic record is accurate, complete and current (Dick et al. The passage states that it was usual in the United States to keep patient's information in form of paper, but they decided to persuade doctors to keep these information in electronic form because of some reasons. Better healthby encouraging healthier lifestyles in the entire population, including increased physical activity, better nutrition, avoidance of behavioral risks, and wider use of preventative care. EHR’s were created to manage the many aspects of healthcare information. As we move forward, systems are becoming larger and more complex and the cost to benefits have major implications to the national GDP of most countries implementing a nationwide health strategy. There are several advantages of keeping an electronic diary, including privacy and security issues as well as ease of composition and editing. Electronic Health Records (EHRs) are the first step to transformed health care. This security will be far beyond what you could create for yourself, either using paper or keeping notes housed on your computer. Under the UK data protection act of 1997 and the privacy act of 1974 in the USA, data about patients is protected by law (Koeller 2002). The information obtained provided a platform for decision making to determine the interventions to be undertaken, where resources should be focused and to whom it should target. Data is usually handwritten and takes the forms of Narrative text in most instances forms can also be used to insert data. Info: 2292 words (9 pages) Essay There are many other advantages to using electronic record keeping, as listed below. The nature of the record allows for data to be easily derived for specific research purposes for learning and for use by other allied institutions with minimal overhead (Mathers et al. There are many other advantages to using electronic record keeping, as listed below. This principle often applies to just about anything, including records management. 2008). Too much dependence on technology: If most of your work is electronic, what will you do in case your laptop stops functioning? Future benefits and cost savings were predictive at best and were mostly attached to reduction in risk to patients and the assumed calculation of costs savings associated with this. Company Registration No: 4964706. 1. Requests for ancillary care services can be done at a click of a button and results for tests can be accessed immediately they become available. 2008). Furthermore, electronic records encourage consistent recording of clinical information and this becomes a key component when aggregating individual records to form datasets. This in effect will lighten the burden to the patients and their carers of having to remember the list of drugs, allergies or adverse reactions they may have encountered in the past (Jones et al. The ability to perform such operations is a strong argument for electronic record adoption in decision support and knowledge discovery for population based interventions (Kraft et al. No: 842417633. In the UK health providers such as health trusts and Strategic Health Authorities derive their benefits as a result of benefits derived from patients and health care teams (Jones et al. After learning about both paper records and EHRs, what are your thoughts about which system might be most effective and efficient? The roles of the various stakeholders as well as the benefits and challenges they derive from electronic health records will be outlined and a detailed evaluation of paper records and electronic records will be done. Photo: Pexels The first hint of a transition from paper medical records to electronic records came after the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), passed in 2009. However, both systems are challenged and other arguments have been made that favor a middle out approach where local institutions drive the process but with oversight from governing bodies who set the standards and policy to guide it (Coiera 2009). Advantages of Electronic Communication. It has also been established that manual methods would be ineffective to deal with such large data sets and the multi dimensional analysis required (Fayyad 1996). LinkedIn. As with just about every computer network these days, EHR systems are vulnerable to hacking, which means sensitive patient data could fall into the wrong hands. If you need assistance with writing your nursing essay, our professional nursing essay writing service is here to help! Speedy transmission: It requires only a few seconds to communicate through electronic media because it supports quick transmission. This in effect will lighten the burden to the patients and their carers of having to remember the list of drugs, allergies or adverse reactions they may have encountered in the past (Jones et al. 2. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Twitter. 2006). System usability is also a major concern when dealing with electronic records. However, the benefits and shortcomings of these systems need to be evaluated (Amenwert et al. Despite the many advantages of a more uniform approach to documenting medical care and coordinating care when patients see several specialists, there are some disadvantages … Additionally, GPs are able to view different aspects of a patients care at a glance, preventing duplication in testing or medication and reducing costs (Jones et al. However, with records widely distributed and at times held by third parties adequate legislation needs to be put in place and security measures such as firewalls and audit trails need to be implemented to protect this data. 2010) these benefits accrue and are reflected as cost savings to these authorities. Young (2006) argues that this has been a major deterrent to widespread adoption of these systems. The following points highlight the advantages of electronic communication: 1. It will look at applications of these systems in different care settings located in different environments so as to provide a broader view of some of the issues. The electronic medical record system (EMR) is an electronic record of health information about an individual created, collected, managed, and negotiated by doctors and authorized staff in a healthcare organization.
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